Original Research

The construction and evaluation of a normative learning style preference questionnaire

M. J. Viljoen, J. M. Schepers, K. van Zyl
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 27, No 3 | a27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v27i3.27 | © 2001 M. J. Viljoen, J. M. Schepers, K. van Zyl | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 19 September 2001 | Published: 19 September 2001

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M. J. Viljoen, Rand Afrikaans University
J. M. Schepers, Rand Afrikaans University
K. van Zyl, Rand Afrikaans University

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Abstract

Various authors have indicated the need for and value of identifying the learning style preferences of individual learners. Similar needs have been voiced in the South African context.The focal point of this study was the development of a normative instrument for predicting the preferred learning styles of individuals. Secondary aims were to determine whether there are differences between groups formed on the basis of gender, academic qualifications and functional disciplines as far as their learning style preferences are concerned. Based on a review of the literature and an existing questionnaire, namely the Learning Style Inventory (LSI 85), the Learning Style Preference Questionnaire (LSPQ) consisting of 136 items was developed and administered to respondents (N= 542) in a large organisation. The LSPQ was subjected to a principal factor analysis and six factors were obtained.The six factors were rotated to simple structure by means of the Direct Oblimin procedure. The matrix of intercorrelations of the six factorswas subjected to a second-order factor analysis and yielded a single factor.

Opsomming
Verskeie outeurs het na die behoefte aan asook die waarde van identi¢kasie van leerstylvoorkeure van individuele leerders verwys. Soortgelyke behoeftes is ook in Suid-Afrikaanse verband geopper.Die fokus van hierdie studie was die ontwikkeling van ’n normatiewe instrument om die leerstylvoorkeure van individue te meet. Sekondere doelwitte was omte bepaal of daar verskille tussen groepe is wat saamgestel is op grond van geslag, akademiese kwalifikasies en funksionele dissiplines wat hul leerstylvoorkeure betref. Gegrond op ’n oorsig van die literatuur en ’n bestaande vraelys, tewete die ‘‘Learning Style Inventory’’ (LSI 85), is die ‘‘Learning Style PreferenceQuestionnaire‘‘ (LSPQ), bestaande uit 136 items, gekonstrueer en op 542 respondente in’n groot organisasie toegepas. Die LSPQ is aan ’n hoo¡aktorontleding onderwerp en ses faktore is verkry. Die ses faktore is deur middel van die Direct Oblimin-prosedure na eenvoudige struktuur geroteer.


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