Original Research

The effects of test interpretation styles and the status of tests in career counseling

Nelia Frade, Gideon P De Bruin
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 33, No 3 | a399 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v33i3.399 | © 2007 Nelia Frade, Gideon P De Bruin | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 19 February 2007 | Published: 19 February 2007

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Nelia Frade, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Gideon P De Bruin, University of Johannesburg, South Africa

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The effects of two styles of test interpretation, namely directive and collaborative, and clients’ perceptions of the technical status of tests, namely high and low, were compared for 32 postgraduate psychology students who served as career counseling clients. Clients who received a collaborative interpretation perceived their counselor as more attractive and trustworthy than did clients who received a directive test interpretation. Interpretation style did not have an effect on session impact. Clients’ perceptions of test status had a noticeable, but statistically non-significant effect on counselor evaluations and session impact. Implications for test-interpretation practice are discussed.


Test Interpretation Styles; Status of Tests; Career Counseling


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