Original Research

Defining and measuring career resilience

C. Fourie, L. J. Van Vuuren
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 24, No 3 | a662 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v24i3.662 | © 1998 C. Fourie, L. J. Van Vuuren | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 25 June 1998 | Published: 25 June 1998

About the author(s)

C. Fourie, Rand Afrikaans Univeristy, South Africa
L. J. Van Vuuren, Rand Afrikaans Univeristy, South Africa

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Abstract

Various authors have argued that career resilience should be cultivated by individuals pursuing modern day careers as a critical career competency. No study has been reported thus far in the career management literature which offers a comprehensive measuring instrument for the construct. The focal point of this study was therefore the development of an instrument to operationalise the career resilience construct. Based on a review of the literature/ the "Career Resilience Questionnaire" (CRQ) consisting of 60 items was developed and administered to respondents (N=352) in white-collar employment settings. A second-order factor analysis yielded four factors which seemed to be relatively independent. The factors were named "belief in oneself"/ "disregard for traditional sources of career success", "selfreliance" and "receptivity to change". The implications of the findings are discussed.

Opsomming
Verskeie outeurs het reeds daarop gewys dat loopbaangehardheid as 'n kritiese bevoegdheid ontwikkel behoort te word in die hedendaagse loopbaankonteks. In geen studie in die loopbaanbestuuriiteratuur tot dusver is 'n omvattende instrument vir die meting van die konstruk gerapporteer nie. Die fokus van hierdie studie was dus die ontwikkeling van 'n instrument om die konstruk loopbaangehardheid te operasionaliseer. Na 'n oorsig van die literatuur is die "Career Resilience Questionnaire" (CRQ) bestaande uit 60 items, gekonstrueer en afgeneem op 'n steekproef (N=352) in witboordjie-werksomgewings. 'n Tweedeordefaktorontleding het vier faktore opgelewer wat skynbaar relatief onafhanklike faktore is. Hierdie faktore is "geloof in self", "onderbeklemtoning van tradisionele bronne van loopbaansukses", "selfgenoegsaamheid" en "ontvanklikheid vir verandering". Die implikasies van die bevindinge word bespreek.


Keywords

Career resilience

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