Original Research

The relationship between servant leadership, organisational citizenship behaviour and team effectiveness

Bright Mahembe, Amos S. Engelbrecht
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 40, No 1 | a1107 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v40i1.1107 | © 2014 Bright Mahembe, Amos S. Engelbrecht | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 March 2013 | Published: 07 February 2014

About the author(s)

Bright Mahembe, Department of Industrial Psychology, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
Amos S. Engelbrecht, Department of Industrial Psychology, Stellenbosch University, South Africa


Orientation: Team effectiveness and organisational citizenship behaviour (OCB) are outcomes vital for team success. Servant leadership practices also play a critical role in team effectiveness and OCB.

Research purpose: The goal of the study was to analyse the relationships between servant leadership, OCB and team effectiveness in the South African school system.

Motivation for the study: The changing nature of leadership, coupled with the increased use of teams, necessitates a study on how follower-focused leadership practices enhance team member effectiveness.

Research approach, design and method: A non-probability sample of 288 teachers was drawn from 38 schools in the Western Cape in South Africa. Item analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were conducted on the data.

Main findings: The team effectiveness and refined servant leadership questionnaires displayed high levels of internal consistency. The organisational citizenship behaviour scale exhibited moderate reliability coefficients. Good fit was found for the structural and measurement models of the latent variables through confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modelling. Positive relationships were found between servant leadership, team effectiveness and OCB.

Practical/managerial implications: The findings emphasise the role played by servant leadership behaviours in promoting positive behaviours and outcomes for teams. Future studies should develop the theoretical model further, by identifying other variables that influence team effectiveness positively and testing the model using revenue-oriented teams.

Contribution/value-add: Schools today face the challenge of developing strategies for achieving team effectiveness. The servant leadership style recognises and promotes the one-on-one development of followers likely to promote positive outcomes and team effectiveness.


servant leadership; team effectiveness; organisational citizenship behaviour


Total abstract views: 11305
Total article views: 22750


Crossref Citations

1. The relationship between readiness to change and work engagement: A case study in an accounting firm undergoing change
Megan Matthysen, Chantel Harris
SA Journal of Human Resource Management  vol: 16  year: 2018  
doi: 10.4102/sajhrm.v16i0.855