Original Research

The antecedents and outcomes of work-family enrichment amongst female workers

Esandre Marais, Marissa de Klerk, Jan Alewyn Nel, Leon de Beer
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 40, No 1 | a1186 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v40i1.1186 | © 2014 Esandre Marais, Marissa de Klerk, Jan Alewyn Nel, Leon de Beer | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 25 November 2013 | Published: 25 November 2014

About the author(s)

Esandre Marais, School of Human Resource Sciences, North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, South Africa
Marissa de Klerk, School of Human Resource Sciences, North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, South Africa
Jan Alewyn Nel, School of Human Resource Sciences, North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, South Africa
Leon de Beer, WorkWell Research Unit, North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, South Africa


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Abstract

Orientation: Women are involved in both a work and a family domain. Work-family enrichment is a concept that describes how these domains can enrich each other through the transfer of resources from one domain to the other.

Research purpose: The objective was to determine the relationship between work resources,home resources, work engagement, family engagement and work-family enrichment. The aim was also to test two models representing work-to-family and family-to-work enrichment as mediators.

Motivation for the study: By investigating work-family enrichment, as a new research concept,and its antecedents and outcomes, this study will add to the positive side of the work-family interface literature and provide information to organisations.Research design, approach and method: A cross-sectional survey design was used in this study with a sample of female workers (N = 420) in South Africa. Polychoric correlations, fit indices, structural equation modelling and testing mediation were used to analyse the data.Omegas and alpha coefficients were employed to determine the reliability.

Main findings: A positive relationship between work-family enrichment and its antecedents and outcomes was found. Furthermore, work-family enrichment (W-FE) mediated (large effect)the relationship between work resources and work engagement and family-work enrichment mediated (small effect) the relationship between home resources and family engagement.

Practical/managerial implications: The results provide more insight and understanding to organisations and female workers on the benefits of being involved in both the domain of work life and the domain of family life.

Contribution/value-add: The study contributes to the limited research undertaken on work family enrichment within the South African context. The present study also contributes to the literature on the use of the newly developed MACE Work-Family Enrichment Instrument.


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Crossref Citations

1. Work-to-family enrichment: Influences of work resources, work engagement and satisfaction among employees within the South African context
Marissa De Klerk, Jan Alewyn Nel, Eileen Koekemoer
Journal of Psychology in Africa  vol: 25  issue: 6  first page: 537  year: 2015  
doi: 10.1080/14330237.2015.1124606