Original Research

Work–family conflict based on strain: The most hazardous type of conflict in Iranian hospitals nurses

Morteza Charkhabi, Riccardo Sartori, Andrea Ceschi
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 42, No 1 | a1264 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v42i1.1264 | © 2016 Morteza Charkhabi, Riccardo Sartori, Andrea Ceschi | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 30 December 2014 | Published: 20 June 2016

About the author(s)

Morteza Charkhabi, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, K U Leuven, Belgium; Department of Human Sciences, University of Verona, Italy
Riccardo Sartori, Department of Human Sciences, University of Verona, Italy
Andrea Ceschi, Department of Human Sciences, University of Verona, Italy


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Abstract

Orientation: Work and family conflicts continuously and negatively affect employees’ performance. Previous research has mostly studied the impact of the two distinct dimensions of work–family conflict (WFC) and family–work conflict (FWC) on health outcomes, whereas the impact of more specific dimensions of these two general types of conflict on health outcomes is little known. Therefore, we now need to also measure the impact of more specified types of these conflicts on health outcomes.

Research purpose: The purpose of this study was to propose a causal model of the effects of six different types of WFC (time, strain and behaviour) and FWC (time, strain and behaviour) on the mental and physical health of hospital nurses to identify the most hazardous type of conflict they faced.

Motivation for the study: This research was conducted to outline which specific type of WFC or FWC is able to act as the strongest antecedent of mental and physical health in nurses.

Research design, approach and method: Three hundred and eleven nurses from six hospitals were selected by simple random sampling. Data were collected using a Carlson WFC scale as well as an SF-36 mental–physical health scale based on a cross-sectional research design. The data were analysed using structural equation modelling and SPSS.

Main findings: The final model showed that, firstly, the effects of WFC types (time, strain and behaviour) on health outcomes were much greater than the effects of FWC types (time, strain and behaviour). Secondly, WFC and FWC based on strain were stronger predictors of health outcomes. Finally, strain-based WFC was identified to be the most hazardous type of conflict in our study.

Practical implications: These findings can be employed by hospital managers to block all the potential factors that may increase strain-based WFC in the workplace. Moreover, this study helps hospitals to use special educational programs directed at reducing strain-based WFC.

Contribution/value-add: This research clearly revealed that a specific type of WFC may more likely influence the health situation of nurses.

Keywords: WFC-Based on Strain; mental health; physical health; hospital nurses


Keywords

WFC-Based on Strain; mental health; physical health; hospital nurses

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