Original Research

The role of psychological contract on employee commitment and organisational citizenship behaviour: A study of Indonesian young entrepreneurs in management action

Ade I. Anggraeni, Christantius Dwiatmadja, Ahyar Yuniawan
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 43 | a1409 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v43i0.1409 | © 2017 Ade I. Anggraeni, Christantius Dwiatmadja, Ahyar Yuniawan | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 September 2016 | Published: 30 May 2017

About the author(s)

Ade I. Anggraeni, Department of Management Studies, Diponegoro University, Indonesia; Department of Management, Jenderal Soedirman University, Indonesia
Christantius Dwiatmadja, Department of Management, Satya Wacana Christian University, Indonesia
Ahyar Yuniawan, Department of Management Studies, Diponegoro University, Indonesia


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Abstract

Orientation: This study aims to analyse the entrepreneurship-driven reasons and characteristics of employee management of the young generation, by analysing the role of psychological contract on employee commitment and organisational citizenship behaviour in the light of the characteristics of the millennial generation as the owners of small and medium-sized enterprises.

Research purpose: The main objective of this study was to empirically analyse the effect of the psychological contract and organisational support on the organisational commitment and organisational citizenship behaviour of the employees of small-scale enterprises run by young entrepreneurs, especially in the cohort generation.

Motivation for the study: This study attempts to analyse the characteristics of the millennial generation as the owners of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in running the business by examining their managerial characteristics in managing workplace relationship that aims to achieve the stakeholder expectations and improve both commitment and organisational citizenship behaviour of employees.

Research design, approach and method: Data were collected in the SMEs owned by young entrepreneurs in a city in Indonesia involving 150 respondents. The research model was tested using Structural Equation Modelling with analysis of moment structure (AMOS).

Main findings: The results showed that the employee citizenship behaviour is influenced by the organisational commitment. The commitment of employees was formed by the ability of business owners to understand the needs and expectations of employees regarding opportunities of self-development, pleasant working environment, the benefit as the workload and the work challenge.

Practical and managerial implications: This study implies the need for academic institutions and policy makers to get involved in addressing the rising phenomenon of entrepreneurship among the young generation.

Contribution and added-value: This study mainly considered the characteristics of young entrepreneurs as the main factor in explaining the success of employee management relationship of SMEs.


Keywords

organisational support; organisational commitment; organisational citizenship behavior; psychological contract; young entrepreneurs

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