Original Research

Positive interaction between work and home, and psychological availability on women’s work engagement: A “shortitudinal” study

Karolina Łaba, Madelyn Geldenhuys
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 44 | a1538 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v44i0.1538 | © 2018 Karolina Laba, Madelyn Geldenhuys | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 21 February 2018 | Published: 30 August 2018

About the author(s)

Karolina Łaba, Department of Industrial Psychology and People Management, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Madelyn Geldenhuys, Department of Industrial Psychology and People Management, University of Johannesburg, South Africa


Orientation: Women’s work engagement is affected by how well they balance their work and personal life, and their level of confidence in their capability at work.

Research purpose: Determine whether women’s daily psychological availability mediates daily positive work-home interaction and daily positive home-work interaction on daily work engagement.

Motivation for the study: Research into negative work–home and home–work interaction is in abundance. Limited studies focus on the positive effects on women’s experiences at work (i.e. work engagement). Little is known about women’s psychological availability and how it affects their work. Furthermore, little research provides us insights into the day-level experiences of women at work.

Research approach/design and method: A quantitative, shortitudinal design was used. Data analyses accounted for multilevel structure in the data (within-person vs. between-person differences). Female employees (n = 60) from various industries in Gauteng, completed electronic diaries in the form of a survey for 10 consecutive working days.

Main findings: Daily psychological availability mediates between daily positive work-home interaction and daily work engagement. Daily positive home-work interaction did not predict daily work engagement, but had a significant effect on daily psychological availability.

Practical/managerial implications: Examining systems and structures that promote opportunities for women to become more psychologically available at work impacts their sustainable retention.

Contribution/value-add: This study found significant relationships between day-level uses of personal resources and spillover effects of home-work and work-home on day-level work engagement. The study further contributes to the literature on positive work–home and home–work interaction.


psychological availability; work engagement; positive home‒work interaction; shortitudinal design; multilevel modelling; women


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Crossref Citations

1. Well-being at work and its association with work-home interactions: a study of young Vietnamese employees
Bui Thai, Nguyen Trang, Tran Duc
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doi: 10.5114/hpr.2020.97915