Original Research

The relationship between personality facets and burnout

Jenna B. de Vine, Brandon Morgan
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 46 | a1786 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v46i0.1786 | © 2020 Jenna B. de Vine, Brandon Morgan | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 18 February 2020 | Published: 17 November 2020

About the author(s)

Jenna B. de Vine, Department of Industrial Psychology and People Management, College of Business and Economics, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa
Brandon Morgan, Department of Industrial Psychology and People Management, College of Business and Economics, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa


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Abstract

Orientation: Many studies have investigated the relationship between the five-factor model of personality and burnout. However, relationships between the facets of these five factors and burnout remain relatively unexplored.

Research purpose: This study set out to investigate the relationship between the five-factor facets and burnout using more appropriate variance decomposition than simply using zero-order correlation coefficients.

Motivation for the study: Investigating the relationship between personality facets and burnout can provide a complete understanding of the role of personality in possible development of burnout. Most studies that have investigated these relationships have relied on zero-order correlation coefficients.

Research approach/design and method: A cross-sectional survey research design was used. The Basic Traits Inventory and Maslach Burnout Inventory – General Survey were administered to a sample of 127 working adults. Zero-order correlation coefficients, semi-partial correlation coefficients and bifactor modelling were used to investigate the relationship.

Main findings: Several of the personality facets showed statistically significant correlations with burnout over and above their respective factors. In some instances, these correlation coefficients were in opposite directions to their factor.

Practical/managerial implications: Our results provide a more complete investigation of the relationship between personality and burnout. They suggest that there might be value to consider both the five-factor personality factors and their respective facets in burnout interventions and preventative measures, as well as for a better understanding of the relationship between personality and burnout.

Contribution/value-add: The results add some support to the argument that personality facets should be interpreted in addition to their respective factor scores. There might also be value to add personality facets as possible antecedents in models on the development of burnout.


Keywords

personality; facets; five-factor; burnout; bifactor.

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