Original Research

The effects of work resources and career adaptability on employee health: A case of sample of teachers in South Africa

Herring Shava, Willie T. Chinyamurindi
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 47 | a1816 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v47i0.1816 | © 2021 Herring Shava, Willie T. Chinyamurindi | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 15 June 2020 | Published: 03 March 2021

About the author(s)

Herring Shava, Department of Business Management, Faculty of Business and Management Sciences, University of Fort Hare, East London, South Africa
Willie T. Chinyamurindi, Department of Business Management, Faculty of Business and Management Sciences, University of Fort Hare, East London, South Africa


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Abstract

Orientation: There is a rise in health-related challenges within the confines of the organisation. Strategies are needed not just from a human resources practitioner but also a theoretical basis in finding solutions to such challenges.

Research purpose: Firstly, to determine the effects that work resources have on employee health and its two facets of physical and mental health. Secondly, to determine if career adaptability moderates the relationship between work resources and employee health.

Motivation for the study: Studies exist in the literature that focus on the intersection of individual and organisational factors on health constructs such as mental health. Further, such studies continue to be an issue of inquiry especially within the public service professions such as teaching.

Research approach/design and method: A quantitative research approach utilising a survey data collection technique was utilised. Simple linear regression and a hierarchical regression were performed to analyse the data.

Main findings: Work resources do predict employee mental and physical health. Further, career adaptability does not moderate the relationship between work resources and employee health among teachers.

Practical/managerial implications: Based on the findings, recommendations are made that assist not just teachers but also those engaged in creating a context in which teachers can thrive from a management perspective.

Contribution/value-add: The findings help us focus on the notion that in rural high schools of South Africa, a supportive work environment for assisting teachers to utilise work resources for organisational functioning, in a manner that is friendly to their mental and physical health is needed.


Keywords

work resources; career adaptability; employee health; mental health; physical health; public service. Introduction

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