Original Research

The influence of emotional intelligence and resilience on work engagement amongst nurses in public hospitals

Pardon Chikobvu, Martha Harunavamwe
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 48 | a1919 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v48i0.1919 | © 2022 Martha Harunavamwe | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 01 June 2021 | Published: 24 January 2022

About the author(s)

Pardon Chikobvu, Department of Industrial Psychology, Faculty of Economic Management Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa
Martha Harunavamwe, Department of Industrial Psychology, Faculty of Economic Management Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa


Orientation: It has become vital for hospitals to create supportive and conducive working environments. With the reported adverse working conditions in public hospitals, it would be prudent to consider the stimulating factors of work engagement. This research suggests that personal resources such as resilience and emotional intelligence may cushion individuals from being disengaged by enabling them to manage job demands.

Research purpose: The study aimed to determine the extent to which a combination of positive aspects and resources of emotional intelligence and resilience may influence work engagement.

Motivation for the study: The study was inspired by Demerouti and Bakker (2011) who signal that employees become susceptible to health impairments when job and personal resources are likely to be limited. Expanding employee personal resources may thus effectively influence work engagement.

Research approach, design and method:  The study employed a cross-sectional quantitative survey by means of self-administered questionnaires. The sample consisted of 252 nurses from the Mangaung Metropolitan Municipality, South Africa. Data were analysed using the SmartPLS program.

Main findings: Emotional intelligence through resilience influences work engagement. Noteworthy was the strong direct pathway between emotional intelligence and work engagement.

Practical or managerial implication: Managers may focus their attention on developing aspects of emotional intelligence and enhance resilience as a way of improving work engagement.

Contribution: The findings adds literature to the body of knowledge focusing on expanding personal resource as a way to enhance work engagement among nurses in public hospitals.


nurses; work engagement; emotional intelligence; resilience


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Crossref Citations

1. Relationship between resilience at work, work engagement and job satisfaction among engineers: a cross-sectional study
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doi: 10.1186/s12889-024-18507-9