Original Research

Organisatoriese doeltreffendheid in Suid-Afrika en Japan

H. I. J. Spoelstra, I. van W Raubenheimer
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | : Perspectives on Industrial Psychology| a329 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v0i0.329 | © 1981 H. I. J. Spoelstra, I. van W Raubenheimer | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 28 November 1981 | Published: 28 November 1981

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H. I. J. Spoelstra, Universiteit van Suid-Afrika
I. van W Raubenheimer, Randse Afrikaanse Universiteit

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Abstract

In different cultures various work values determine organisational practises which in turn tend to determine effectiveness. Three cultural groups namely Japanese, White South Africans and Black South Africans are compared by means of a questionnaire determining relative emphasis on the values of individualism and gregariousness (groupism). Attitudes of the various cultures with respect to organisational practises are also measured using an attitude scale. The data are analysed by means of descriptive statistics and discriminate analysis. Results show that although basic values are the same for White South Africans and Japanese their actual hierarchical structures differ. The gregarious characteristic of the Japanese appears to be to a large extent responsible for their organisational effectiveness. Further research concerning the values of Black workers is suggested.

Opsomming
Organisatoriese praktyke en doeltreffendheid word dikwels deur konsepte wat hul oorsprong in kulturele waardes het, bepaal. Drie kultuurgroepe naamlik Japanners, Blanke Suid-Afrikaners en Swart Suid-Afrikaners word vergelyk met behulp van 'n vraelys wat die klem op individualisme en “groepisme” in organisasiepraktyk bepaal. Houdings in die onderskeie kulture teenoor organisatoriese praktyke word verder met behulp Van 'n houdingskaal gemeet. Die data word verwerk aan die hand van beskrywende statistiek en diskriminantanalise. Resultate toon dat alhoewel dieselfde waardes belangrik is vir Blanke Suid-Afrikaners en Japanners, die hiërargiese struktuur verskil. Die organisatoriese doeltreffendheid van die Japanners word toegeskryf aan werkwaardes wat veral “groepisme” onderskryf. Verdere navorsing met betrekking tot die werkwaardes van die Swartman word voorgestel.


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