Original Research

Work-home interaction of Working females: What is the role of job and home characteristics?

Adele van Aarde, Karina Mostert
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 34, No 3 | a383 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v34i3.383 | © 2008 Adele van Aarde, Karina Mostert | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 28 January 2008 | Published: 18 November 2008

About the author(s)

Adele van Aarde, North-West University, South Africa
Karina Mostert, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa

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The objective of this study was to examine job characteristics and home characteristics associated with negative and positive work-home interaction of employed South African females. A total of 500 females from six provinces in South Africa participated in the study. Multiple regression analyses were used to analyse the data. The results indicated that negative work-home interference (WHI) was best predicted by job demands (including pressure, overload and time demands) and a lack of job resources (including autonomy, supervisor support, instrumental support and role clarity). Three job resources predicted positive WHI, including autonomy, supervisor support and colleague support. Negative home-work interference (HWI) was best predicted by pressure and a lack of autonomy at home, while positive HWI was best predicted by the presence of home pressure, but with support at home.


Job characteristics; home characteristics; negative work-home interaction; positive work- home interaction


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1. Personality and work-home interaction among dual-earner couples in South Africa: Testing an actor-partner interdependence model
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