Original Research

Psychological wellness constructs: relationships and group differences

Liezl Gropp, Dirk Geldenhuys, Deléne Visser
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 33, No 3 | a391 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v33i3.391 | © 2007 Liezl Gropp, Dirk Geldenhuys, Deléne Visser | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 19 February 2007 | Published: 19 February 2007

About the author(s)

Liezl Gropp, University of South Africa, South Africa
Dirk Geldenhuys, University of South Africa, South Africa
Deléne Visser, University of South Africa, South Africa

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The objective of the study was to examine the relationships between several constructs that were hypothesised to be components underlying psychological wellness and to establish whether there were differences between managerial and non-managerial groups or between Black and White groups in respect of the wellness variables. The Personal Orientation Inventory (POI), Locus of Control Inventory (LOC), Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC), and the Bar-On EQ-I were administered to a random sample of 200 employees of a financial services company. Statistically significant differences were found between the groups on several of the wellness variables with the manager and White groups obtaining higher scores on these variables than their comparison groups. However, in respect of External Locus of Control, the non-manager and Black groups obtained the higher scores. Factor analytic results demonstrated that the wellness variables clustered in two correlated factors (r = 0,43) labeled psychological wellness and self-actualisation.


Relationships; Group Differences; Psychological Wellness Constructs


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