Original Research

Perceptions of intrinsically and extrinsically motivated distance education students of the barriers to persistence

G. P. Fourie, K. van Zyl
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 24, No 2 | a649 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v24i2.649 | © 1998 G. P. Fourie, K. van Zyl | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 24 June 1998 | Published: 24 June 1998

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G. P. Fourie, Rand Afrikaans University, South Africa
K. van Zyl, Rand Afrikaans University, South Africa

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation on the perceptions held by distance education students of the barriers to persistence. A review of the literature on attrition in traditional and distance education and motivation to learn in adults - with specific reference to intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, as well as barriers to persistence - is presented. The "Barriers to Persistence Questionnaire" (BPQ), consisting of 97 items, was developed. It was administered, in combination with Maritz's (1980) 86 item "Motivation to Learn Questionnaire" (MLQ) to 212 adults enrolled for management development programmes via distance education. Statistically significant differences were found between predominantly intrinsically motivated students and those students who were predominantly extrinsically motivated. The implications of the findings/ as well as the implications for distance education institutions and organisations involved in distance education, are discussed.

Opsomming
Die doel van die studie was om die invloed van intrinsieke en ekstrinsieke motivering op die persepsies van afstandsonderrigstudente van die hindemisse tot volharding te ondersoek. 'n Literatuuroorsig ten opsigte van slytasie in tradisionele onderrig en afstandsonderrig, asook die rol van motivering in volwasse onderrig - met spesifieke verwysing na intrinsieke en ekstrinsieke motivering, asook die hindemisse tot volharding - is gedoen. Die "Barriers to Persistence Questionnaire" (BPQ) is ontwikkel, bestaande uit 97 items. Dit is saam met Maritz (1980) se 86- item "Motivation to Learn Questionnaire" toegepas op 212 volwassenes wat geregistreer is vir bestuursontwikkelingsprogramme via afstandsonderrig. Statisries beduidende verskille is gevind in die persepsies van oorwegend intrinsieke en oorwegend ekstrinsieke studente. Die implikasies van die bevindinge word bespreek, asook implikasies vir afstandsonderrigmstellings en organisasies betrokke by afstandsonderrig.


Keywords

Barriers to persistence; Perceptions of intrinsically motivated distance education students; Perceptions of extrinsically motivated distance education students

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