Original Research

Stress and coping strategies in a sample of South African managers involved in post-graduate managerial studies

Judora J. Spangenberg, Mark R. Orpen-Lyall
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 26, No 1 | a692 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v26i1.692 | © 2000 Judora J. Spangenberg, Mark R. Orpen-Lyall | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 26 June 2000 | Published: 26 June 2000

About the author(s)

Judora J. Spangenberg, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa
Mark R. Orpen-Lyall, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa

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Abstract

To examine the relationships between stress levels and, respectively, stressor appraisal, coping strategies and bio- graphical variables, 107 managers completed a biographical questionnaire. Experience of Work and Life Circumstances Questionnaire, and Coping Strategy Indicator. Significant negative correlations were found between stress levels and appraisal scores on all work-related stressors. An avoidant coping strategy explained significant variance in stress levels in a model also containing social support-seeking and problem-solving coping strategies. It was concluded that an avoidant coping strategy probably contributed to increased stress levels. Female managers experienced significantly higher stress levels and utilized a social support-seeking coping strategy significantly more than male managers did.

Opsomming
Om die verband tussen stresvlakke en, onderskeidelik, taksering van stressors, streshanteringstrategiee en biografiese veranderlikes te ondersoek, het 107 bestuurders n biografiese vraelys, Ervaring vanWerk- en Lewensomstandighedevraelys en Streshanteringstrategieskaal voltooi. Beduidende negatiewe korrelasies is aangetref tussen stresvlakke en takseringtellings ten opsigte van alle werkverwante stressors. 'nVermydende streshantermgstrategie het beduidende variansie in stresvlakke verklaar in n model wat ook sosiale ondersteuningsoekende en pro-bleemoplossende streshanteringstrategiee ingesluit het. Die gevolgtrekking is bereik dat n vermydende stres- hanteringstrategie waarskynlik bygedra het tot verhoogde stresvlakke. Vroulike bestuurders het beduidend hoer stresvlakke ervaar en het n sosiale ondersteuningsoekende streshanteringstrategie beduidend meer gebnnk as manlike bestuurders.


Keywords

Stress strategies; Coping strategies

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