Original Research

The balance between work and home: The relationship between work and home demands and ill health of employed females

Karina Mostert
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 35, No 1 | a743 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v35i1.743 | © 2009 Karina Mostert | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 22 July 2008 | Published: 14 August 2009

About the author(s)

Karina Mostert, ThinkWell: Economic Value of Wellness Research, Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa, South Africa

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The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between work and home demands, work-home interference (WHI), home-work interference (HWI), and ill health of 500 employed females from various occupations. A structural model was tested with structural equation modelling. The results indicated that work demands (work pressure and work overload) are related to ill health (physical ill health, anxiety, depression) via WHI. On the other hand, home demands (home pressure and home overload) are directly related to HWI and to ill health.


work demands; home demands; work-home interference; home-work interference; ill health


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doi: 10.4102/sajip.v44i0.1424