Original Research

Assessing the organisational and individual strengths use and deficit improvement amongst sport coaches

Frederick W. Stander, Karina Mostert
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 39, No 2 | a1160 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v39i2.1160 | © 2013 Frederick W. Stander, Karina Mostert | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 June 2013 | Published: 01 November 2013

About the author(s)

Frederick W. Stander, WorkWell Research Unit for Economic and Management Sciences, North-West University, South Africa
Karina Mostert, WorkWell Research Unit for Economic and Management Sciences, North-West University, South Africa

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Orientation: The orientation of this study is towards strengths use and deficit improvement and the relationship with engagement.

Research purpose: To (1) determine whether adapted versions of the Strengths Use and Deficit Improvement Questionnaire (SUDIQ) and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES) are valid and reliable, (2) determine the relationship of the SUDIQ dimensions in the nomological net, and (3) test a structural model.

Motivation for the study: To gain a better understanding of the outcomes of following a balanced approach within a sport coaching context.

Research design, approach and method: A cross-sectional research approach was used. An availability sample (N = 364) of teachers occupying roles as sport coaches from various schools across three provinces in South Africa was used. Structural equation modelling was used to test the factor structures and the structural model.

Main findings: The results indicated a valid factor structure for the adapted SUDIQ and UWES. Relationships between the SUDIQ dimensions and job and personal resources were positive and significant. Individual strengths use was the strongest predictor of engagement. Individual deficit improvement and organisational strengths use were also significant predictors. Organisational deficit improvement did not significantly predict engagement.

Practical/managerial implications: Evidence suggests the adapted SUDIQ and UWES can be utilised effectively in a sport coaching environment. Organisational strengths use is also important in managing engagement levels of sport coaches.

Contribution/value-add: Valid and reliable measures were provided for use in a sport coaching environment. It substantiates the outcomes that can be gained by following a combined approach based on strength and deficit.


Positive Psychology; Organisational strengths use; Organisational deficit improvement; Individual Factorial validity; Reliability


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Crossref Citations

1. Strengths use and deficit correction in organizations: development and validation of a questionnaire
Marianne van Woerkom, Karina Mostert, Crizelle Els, Arnold B. Bakker, Leon de Beer, Sebastiaan Rothmann Jr.
European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology  vol: 25  issue: 6  first page: 960  year: 2016  
doi: 10.1080/1359432X.2016.1193010