Original Research

The moderating role of psychological capital in the relationship between job stress and the outcomes of incivility and job involvement amongst call centre employees

Sarah B. Setar, Johanna H. Buitendach, Herbert Kanengoni
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 41, No 1 | a1183 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v41i1.1183 | © 2015 Sarah B. Setar, Johanna H. Buitendach, Herbert Kanengoni | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 12 November 2013 | Published: 10 December 2015

About the author(s)

Sarah B. Setar, School of Applied Human Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Howard College Campus, South Africa
Johanna H. Buitendach, School of Applied Human Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Howard College Campus, South Africa
Herbert Kanengoni, Department of Industrial Psychology, University of the Free State, South Africa


Share this article

Bookmark and Share

Abstract

Orientation: South African call centres were found to rank amongst those with the highest degree of performance monitoring and feedback. This revelation comes at a time when many scholars concur that research has not entirely succeeded in helping organisations overcome the negative aspects of work and enhance the positive aspects of work, such as job involvement.

Research purpose: This study sought to examine the relationship between job stress, job involvement and the display of uncivil behaviour amongst call centre employees, whilst also studying the role of psychological capital (PsyCap) in this relationship. Motivation for the study: The study was prompted by the scarcity of research in the area of PsyCap and job involvement, none of which has examined relationships between job stress and the outcomes of incivility and job involvement and the moderating role of PsyCap in this relationship, focusing on call centre employees.

Research design, approach and method: A quantitative design employed a cross-sectional survey to collect data from 104 South African call centre employees using a biographical data sheet, the PsyCap Questionnaire, Job Stress Scale, Uncivil Workplace Behaviour Scale and the Job Involvement Scale.

Main findings: PsyCap and uncivil workplace behaviour were negatively related, whilst PsyCap and job involvement were positively related. Job stress held predictive value for incivility and the hostility subscale. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that PsyCap did not moderate the relationship between job stress and incivility and neither did it moderate the relationship between job stress and job involvement.

Practical implications: Organisations should work on minimising stressors within the workplace in order to enhance the PsyCap of employees, which not only lowers the risk of incivility displayed by employees but also ensures greater employee involvement.

Contribution/value-add: Although previous studies have examined the relationship between stress, incivility and job involvement, no studies have been conducted examining the role of PsyCap in this relationship, especially, more importantly, sampling call centre employees.


Keywords

No related keywords in the metadata.

Metrics

Total abstract views: 2178
Total article views: 4888


Crossref Citations

No related citations found.