Original Research

The contribution of work characteristics and risk propensity in explaining pro-social rule breaking among teachers in Wakiso District, Uganda

Waweru I. Kahari, Kyakuha Mildred, Nsereko Micheal
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 43 | a1368 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v43i0.1368 | © 2017 Waweru I. Kahari, Kyakuha Mildred, Nsereko Micheal | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 24 April 2016 | Published: 25 July 2017

About the author(s)

Waweru I. Kahari, Department of Human Resource Management, Makerere University Business School, Uganda
Kyakuha Mildred, Department of Human Resource Management, Makerere University Business School, Uganda
Nsereko Micheal, Department of Human Resource Management, Makerere University Business School, Uganda


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Abstract

Orientation: This study explored the mechanisms that drive pro-social rule breaking among teachers in Ugandan private secondary schools.

Research purpose: The main aim of this study was to examine the contribution of work characteristics and risk propensity in promoting pro-social rule breaking among teachers in one of the Ugandan districts that has a high number of private schools.

Motivation for the study: As there is a scarcity of research on pro-social rule breaking in Uganda, this study sought to explore the concept and shed light on the mechanisms that influence this.

Research design, approach and method: A quantitative research process formed the basis for this study. Two hundred and forty-two teachers from 15 private secondary schools in Wakiso District formed the targeted sample size. A response rate of 87% was registered. A hierarchical regression analysis was conducted in order to assess the influence of each of the variables on the dependent variable, by using Statistical Package for Social Sciences.

Main findings: The regression results showed that work characteristics were a statistically significant predictor of pro-social rule breaking, but risk propensity was not. The results finally showed that there was no moderation effect of risk propensity on the relationship between work characteristics and pro-social rule breaking.

Practical implications: The schools should expect more pro-social rule-breaking tendencies when the tasks given to the teachers are complex and when the teachers operate with autonomy. The environment in which the private secondary school teachers in Uganda work, motivates them to sometimes break rules in a bid to perform better or minimise the complexity associated with work.

Contribution: This study expands on current theoretical knowledge on pro-social rule breaking and provides insights into the key drivers of the same among private secondary school teachers in the Ugandan context.


Keywords

pros-social rule breaking

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