Original Research

The validation of a diversity climate measurement instrument for the South African environment

Sean McCallaghan, Marita Heyns
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 47 | a1830 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v47i0.1830 | © 2021 Sean McCallaghan, Marita M. Heyns | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 30 July 2020 | Published: 20 April 2021

About the author(s)

Sean McCallaghan, Optentia Research Focus Area, North-West University, Vanderbijlpark, South Africa
Marita Heyns, Optentia Research Focus Area, North-West University, Vanderbijlpark, South Africa


Orientation: South Africa had a distinctive diversity environment with unique diversity-related challenges. Researchers and practitioners required a validated diversity climate instrument that can be used to examine diversity management observations in a South African setting.

Research purpose: The objective of this study was to address a research opportunity to source, test and validate a diversity climate instrument for the South African environment.

Motivation for the study: Studies examining the conceptualisation, validation and measurement invariance of a diversity climate instrument for the South African environment do not yet exist.

Research approach/design and method: A quantitative approach with cross-sectional design was utilised. A total of 323 respondents from a convenience sample formed part of this study. Statistical analysis included reliability, validity and measurement invariance computations.

Main findings: An applicable one-dimensional diversity climate assessment instrument was identified from literature. This study found evidence indicating that the instrument was reliable and valid across white and African population groups.

Practical/managerial implications: The assessment of diversity climate will be an accurate indication on how well an organisation is managing diversity. A validated measuring instrument will be a valuable managerial tool for any South African organisation, which can assist with future decision making.

Contribution/value-add: This study was able to source and validate a diversity climate measuring instrument for a unique diversity setting, such as South Africa.


diversity climate; diversity management; validation; measurement invariance; South Africa.


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Crossref Citations

1. Towards a Better Workplace Environment—Empirical Measurement to Manage Diversity in the Workplace
Elwira Gross-Gołacka, Teresa Kupczyk, Justyna Wiktorowicz
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  vol: 19  issue: 23  first page: 15851  year: 2022  
doi: 10.3390/ijerph192315851