Original Research

A confirmatory factor analytic study of a counterproductive work behaviour measure in Zimbabwe

Nelson Gwamanda, Bright Mahembe
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 50 | a2118 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v50i0.2118 | © 2024 Nelson Gwamanda, Bright Mahembe | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 06 June 2023 | Published: 28 February 2024

About the author(s)

Nelson Gwamanda, Department of Industrial Psychology, Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa
Bright Mahembe, Department of Industrial Psychology, Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa

Abstract

Orientation: Counterproductive work behaviour (CWB) has detrimental effects on organisations if not managed. Therefore, its accurate measurement will enhance proper decision-making to mitigate its effects.

Research purpose: The primary goal of the present study was to test the psychometric properties of the Workplace Deviance Scale (WDS) on a Zimbabwean sample.

Motivation for the study: The WDS developed in Europe is a widely used questionnaire. Therefore, there is a need to assess the reliability and construct validity of the WDS on a Zimbabwean sample.

Research approach/design and method: A quantitative research design was used. A total of 304 conveniently selected participants completed the WDS used to measure CWB. Item, dimensional, and confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were conducted on the data.

Main findings: High reliability coefficients were recorded on the two subscales of the WDS. The discriminant validity of the two subscales was achieved. Reasonable model fit with the data was found for the first and second order as well as the bi-factor and single-factor measurement models through CFA.

Practical/managerial implications: The questionnaire can help to develop prevention strategies aimed at reducing the frequency and severity of counterproductive behaviours in Zimbabwean organisations.

Contribution/value-add: The study promotes the use of accurate, reliable, and valid instruments in Zimbabwe by confirming the psychometric properties of the WDS.

 


Keywords

counterproductive work behaviour; workplace deviance scale; reliability; uni-dimensional; confirmatory factor analysis; discriminant validity; construct validity

JEL Codes

D23: Organizational Behavior • Transaction Costs • Property Rights

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions

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