Original Research

Psychological empowerment of employees in selected organisations in South Africa

Marius Stander, Sebastiaan Rothmann
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 35, No 1 | a466 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v35i1.466 | © 2009 Marius Stander, Sebastiaan Rothmann | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 13 May 2008 | Published: 30 October 2009

About the author(s)

Marius Stander, North-West University, Vanderbijlpark, South Africa
Sebastiaan Rothmann, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa

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The objective of this study was to assess the construct validity and internal consistency of the Psychological Empowerment Questionnaire (PEQ) for employees in selected organisations in South Africa. A cross-sectional survey design with a convenient sample (N = 1405) was used. The PEQ was administered. Structural equation modelling conf rmed a four-factor model for the PEQ, consisting of competence, meaning, impact and self-determination. A cross-validation study conf rmed the construct equivalence of the four-factor model for a study sample (n = 679) as well as a replication sample (n = 726) that was randomly selected for the total sample. The subscales showed acceptable internal consistencies.


empowerment; Psychological Empowerment Questionnaire; construct validity; internal consistency; cross-sectional survey


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