Original Research

Sense of coherence and employees’ perceptions of helping and restraining factors in an organisation

Yolande Muller, Sebastiaan Rothmann
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology | Vol 35, No 1 | a731 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v35i1.731 | © 2009 Yolande Muller, Sebastiaan Rothmann | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 12 July 2008 | Published: 20 July 2009

About the author(s)

Yolande Muller, North-West University, South Africa
Sebastiaan Rothmann, North-West University - Potchefstroom Campus, South Africa

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The objectives of this study were to assess the construct validity and reliability of the 13-item version of the Orientation to Life Questionnaire (OLQ)  and to investigate whether employees with a strong sense of coherence perceived helping and restraining factors in their organisation differently to those with a weak sense of coherence. A cross-sectional survey design was used. The total population (N = 2 678) of employees in a financial institution in Gauteng participated in the study. The OLQ was administered and it showed acceptable reliability and construct validity. Individuals with high scores (n = 300) and those with low scores (n = 300) on sense of coherence differed regarding their perceptions of helping and restraining factors in their work and organisation.


well-being; comprehensibility; manageability; meaningfulness; coherence


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